Viewpoint: El Nino and India

04 JUN,2019 | MEDC


 

El Nino, a naturally occurring phenomenon, has a major influence on weather and climatic patterns over much of the world. For India, it is linked to below average rainfall and droughts during the period of the Southwest monsoon. The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) has said that weak El Nino conditions would persist from June through August. This prediction comes at a time when the southwest monsoon continues to remain sluggish, and so it does not augur well for India. The rainfall during the four month monsoon is critical for India’s agricultural economy, as it irrigates about half of the cultivated land. Over 75% of the annual rainfall is received during this period. According to the Indian Meteorological Department (IMD), the monsoon is likely to make a delayed onset over the Kerala coast on June 6. India’s concern about the monsoon has grown in recent days with summer temperatures soaring in northern, western, and central India, particularly the Vidarbha region of Maharashtra, which has recently witnessed heatwaves.

*Photo Credit : Google

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