Eleven states of the country had an unemployment rate higher than the national average in 2017-18, according to the NSSO's annual periodic labour force survey.

20 APR,2019 | MEDC


 

In 2017-18, Kerala posted the highest unemployment rate at 11.4%, while Chhattisgarh had the lowest at 3.3%. The corresponding figures for Maharashtra and all-India are 4.9% and 6.1%. A gender-wise analysis of the unemployment situation in the country revealed interesting trends. West Bengal and Bihar were the only states where the rate of joblessness amongst females declined. By comparison, in Kerala, almost a fourth of the females (23.2%) were unemployed.

Employment generation is the link between economics and politics, and in an election year, it assumes added significance. Employment-related data is highly sensitive to manipulation and the government needs to be more proactive in creating the right survey design and building the right infrastructure for the collection of monthly, or, at least quarterly, employment-related data. Agriculture can no longer support half the country’s population, and the new pressure on employment generation will come from rural workers migrating to urban areas in search of livelihood. Unless the system is able to accommodate them suitably, we risk socioeconomic destabilization.

*Photo Credit: Google

 

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